Patient QI found a general study carried about by a US group in 2013. The group analyzed the effect of creative arts therapies on symptoms of anxiety, depression, pain, fatigue and quality of life in cancer patients. The group looked at twenty seven different studies which amounted to a total of 1576 patients and found that use of creative therapies during treatment significantly reduced anxiety, depression and pain, and increased quality of life.
A study carried out in the USA examined whether art therapy in the form of scrapbooking helped reduce parent stress in a neonatal intensive care unit. Forty parents were included in the study and results showed that there was a decline in parent’s anxiety and the parents said that participation offered a distraction, pleasure, relaxation an opportunity to share and gave them a sense of hope.
Music therapy has a solid track record in the treatment of mood disorders and music has been shown to significantly decrease the levels of the stress hormone cortisol. The most recent study that Patient QI found examined the effect of music on stress hormones, pain and anxiety before and during port catheter placement procedures in cancer patients. Results showed that there were significant reductions in hormone levels, heart rate and blood pressure immediately before and after the procedure but there was also a significant reduction in pain and anxiety compared to a control group.
Another study carried out in Madrid, looked at the effect of music therapy on the levels of intraoperative anxiety. Results showed that although there was no difference in heart rate and blood pressure measurements between the treatment group and controls there was a clear reduction in anxiety and stress in the treatment group.
Puetz TW et al. Effects of creative arts therapies on psychological symptoms and quality of life in patients with cancer. AMA Intern Med. June 2013.
Mouradian LE et al. Art-based occupation group reduces parent anxiety in the neonatal intensive care unit: a mixed-methods study. Am J Occup Ther Nove 2013.
Zengin S et al. Effects of music therapy on pain and anxiety in patients undergoing port catheter placement procedure. Complement Ther Med Dec 2013.
Jimenez-Jimenez M et al. Intraoperative stress and anxiety reduction with music therapy: a controlled randomized clinical trial of efficacy and safety. J. Vasc Nurs. Sept 2013.