Musculo skeletal problems are the prime cause of lost work days.
People in large companies used to move around quite a lot. The fax machine was often at the end of a very long corridor as were the coffee machine and the typing pool. There were no conference calls so people had to take a walk down to a conference or meeting room. Before the arrival of the internet there was no fast source of information and hours were spent walking around research libraries, sifting through dusty old archives or heading off to meet with an expert on any relevant subjects. In modern offices, the hands and eyes move but they are invariably stuck to a voodoo doll torso that won't react unless it is inexplicably influenced by an external source, or there is a computer blackout. It doesn't take an Einstein to work out why there has been a dramatic increase in a long list of office related musculoskeletal problems over the past fifteen years. From carpel tunnel syndrome and tennis elbow to neck problems, shoulder problems, back problems, loss of eyesight, tension headaches and stress, people are suffering and companies are losing valuable man hours.
Many companies are now getting their act together and working with specialists such as osteopaths and physiotherapists to ensure that their employees' workstations are set up correctly. Some companies are even installing treadmill desks so that employees can work whilst walking. However, there is a still a long way to go before companies take all of the measures necessary to prevent such problems.
A recent preliminary study indicates that manual therapy is the way to go when managing musculoskeletal problems. The study reviewed a database of economic studies on the value of manual therapies such as osteopathic manipulation, physiotherapy, mobilisation techniques and chiropractic interventions for treating musculoskeletal problems. The data was compared to data on the usual care that patients would experience such as General Practitioner care alone or with exercise and pain management. The results showed that there are indications that manual therapy has some economic advantages over usual care for improving back and shoulder pain.
Tsertsvadze et al. Cost effectiveness of Manual Therapy for the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions: A systematic Review and narrative synthesis of Evidence from Randomized Controlled Trials. J. Manipulative Physiol Ther. Jun 2014.